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蜜薯的种植技术详细介绍

文章出处:未知责任编辑:admin
人气:发表时间:2019-04-17 17:05【
蜜薯是番薯中比较优良的品种之一,由于蜜薯吃起来十分软糯香甜,受到许多人群的喜爱,因此蜜薯的需求量不断增加。那么蜜薯的高产种植技术有哪些?

蜜薯


一、蜜薯种植时间

德甲竞猜 YOUYUMEIGEDIFANGDEQIHOUDOUBUXIANGTONG,JIASHANGMISHUDEPINZHONGJIAODUO,YINCIMISHUZHONGZHIDESHIHOUBINGBUXIANGTONG。BEIFANGYIBANHUIZAIMEINIAN4~5YUEFENZHONGZHI,ERNANFANGZEZAI3~4YUEFENHE9~10YUEFENZHONGZHI。XUANZEZAICHUNJIDESHIHOUZHONGZHI,YESHIYINWEIYUSHUIXIANGDUICHONGZU,DUIYUMIAOBIJIAOYOUBANGZHU。

二、蜜薯的田间管理

1、ZHAGENHUANMIAOJIEDUANDEGUANLI

德甲竞猜 ZHAGENHUANMIAOJIEDUANSHICONGZAIHOUZHANGCHUXINGENDAOKUAIGENKAISHIXINGCHENG,LISHI1GEYUEZUOYOU。HONGSHUDINGZAIHOUYAOJISHICHAMIAOBUMIAO,YIBAOZHENGQUANMIAO,ZAIYANGHOU,RUYUDAHAN,YINGJISHIJIAOHUANMIAOSHUI,YILIZHAGENCHENGHUO。YIBANZAIZAICHAHOU,YAOJIAOYICI,YIHOUMEIGE10~15TIANZHONGGENGYICIYISONGTU,TIWEN,XIAOCHUZACAO,SHISHIPENSAXINGAOZHIMOCUJINZHIZHUXUNSUSHENGZHANGLIYUGENXINGCHENG。

2、FENZHIJIESHUJIEDUANGUANLI

德甲竞猜 ZAICHAHOU30~40TIANSUIZHEWENDUSHENGGAO,JINGYESHENGZHANGJIAKUAI,KUAIGENJIXUXINGCHENGPENGDAYINGJISHIJIAQIANGSHUIFEIGUANLI,RUYUTIANHANKESUISHUIMUZHUI5~8JINNIAOSU,JIAOHOUYAOJIZAOZHONGGENGSONGTUBAOSHANG。

德甲竞猜 3、JINGYESHENGZHANGKUAIGENPENGDAJIEDUANDEGUANLI

德甲竞猜 7YUESHANGBANXUNZHI8YUEXIAXUNCIQIJINGYESHENGZHANGKUAIGENPENGDA,YEMIANJIXISHUDADAOZUIDA,YIBANZAIZHEIYISHIQI,YAOZUODAOCUZHONGYOUKONGKONGZHONGYOUCU。CIQIZHENGZHIYUJI,WENDUGAO,ZHIZHUSHENGZHANGKUAI,WEIFANGZHITUZHANG,KEYONG50PPMDEDUOXIAOZUOYEJIADIGUOZHUANGDILINGZAITIANJIANJUNYUNPENDA,YIYEMIANZHANMANYAOYEERBULIUWEIJIA,KECUJINGUOSHIFAYU,SHIHONGSHUYOUZHIGAOCHAN。ZAICIQI,DIXIABUKUAIGENXUNSUPENGDA,RUYUFUHAN,XUJIAOSHUI,DANSHUILIANGBUYIGUODA,WEICUJINSHUKUAIPENGDA,KEMUYONGPENGDASUYIDAI(12)KEDUISHUI15GONGJINGE7~10TIANPENYICI,LIANPENLIANGCI。

德甲竞猜 4、JINGYESHUAITUIKUAIGENPENGDAJIEDUANDEGUANLI

德甲竞猜 8YUEZHONGXIAXUNHOU,HONGSHUSHENGZHANGHOUQI,JINGYEYOUHUANMANSHENGZHANGZHIZHITINGZHI;YANGFENSHUXIANGKUAIGEN,SHENGZHANGZHONGXINYOUDISHANGZHUANDAODIXIA,GUANLISHANGYAOBAOHUJINGYEWEICHIZHENGCHANGSHENGLIGONGNENG,CUJINKUAIGENXUNSUPENGDA。GUANLICUOSHI,BAOZHENGTURANGHANSHUILIANG,YITIANJIANZUIDACHISHUILIANGDE60~70%,RUTIANQIJIUHANWUYU,TURANGGANHAN,HUISHIJINGYEZAOSHUAIYINGXIANGTANSHUIHUAWUDEXINGCHENG、JILEI,ZAOCHENGJIANCHAN,YINCIYAOJISHIJIAOXIAOSHUI,DANZAIHONGSHUSHOUBAOQIAN20TIANNEIBUYIJIAOSHUI,RUOYUQIULAO,YAOJISHIPAISHUI,YIFANGYINGXINYUFULAN,ZAICHUSHUQIANHOUHONGSHUYEJINRUHUIYANGQI。WEIFANGZHIZAOSHUAI,YANZHANGHEZENGQIANGYEZHONGDEGUANGHEZUOYONG,CUJINSHUKUAIFEIDA,JINXINGYEMIANPENFEI,MUYONGLINSUANERQINGJIABANJINDUISHUI30~40GONGJINJIAXINGAOZHIMO800BEIYEJINXINGPENDA,MEIGE15TIANPENYICIGONGPENLIANGCI,RUPEIHESHIYONGPENGDASUXIAOGUOGENGHAO。

5、ZHAIDING

蜜薯主茎长至50厘米时,选晴好天气上午摘去顶芽;分枝长至35厘米时继续把顶芽摘除。此法可抑制茎蔓徒长,避免养分消耗,促进根块膨大,可增产20%~30%。

6、LIEFENGGUANFEI

蜜薯进入块根膨大期,表土层会出现裂缝。此时,每亩用清水粪肥750~1000公斤,对磷酸二氢钾500克(也可用过磷酸钙5公斤、草木灰50公斤,分别用水浸泡过滤),混合在粪肥中,早晨或傍晚沿裂缝灌施,灌后用土填塞裂缝,同时喷洒地果壮蒂灵防畸形果、裂果,可增产20%~30%。

三、及时收获

蜜薯的块根是无性营养体,没有明显的成熟标准和收获期,但收获的早晚对蜜薯产量、留种、贮藏、加工利用,轮作倒茬都有密切的关系,收获过早会降低产量,收获过晚会受低温冷害的影响,蜜薯的收获适期,一般是在气温下降到15℃时开始收刨,气温在10℃以上或地温在12℃以上即在枯霜前收刨完毕,一般在寒露前后收刨完毕。

下一篇:没有了 上一篇:蜜薯的功效与作用 蜜薯的营养价值

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